MySQL Conference 2010 Day 3

By | May 2, 2010

Monitoring MySQL with Cacti

  • Cacti, like many other tools (Munin, Cricket, etc.), is a wrapper around RRDTool
  • Baron feels that existing tools (zabbix, ZenOSS, OpenNMS, etc.) that try to do graphing and alerting do at least one of them poorly, though Reconnoiter looks promising.
  • Cacti does graphing well
  • RRDTool does interpolations, so you lose the original data. By default, it doesn’t keep data very long.
  • With MRTG you have to create new graphs. Cacti has simpler approach using templates.
  • Data source, graph and host templates.
  • Problem – templates not always well written. Not always version compatible. Not always well parameterized.
  • Better Cacti Templates project has more than just MySQL templates.
  • Cacti prefers to use SNMP, but often easier to directly connect to mysqld or to use ssh and command line client
  • The wiki for Better Cacti Templates has very detailed installation instructions.

High Throughput MySQL at Facebook

  • Currently upgrading to 5.1.45 and innodb plugin 1.6
  • Perf testing starts with Sysbench. Have a tool called Shadow that allows them to direct all traffic to another server that is heavily instrumented.
  • Across shards – 7ms read time on avg, 13 million reads/sec peak, 370 million rows read/sec peak 210 m avg, 3.5 m rows modified peak 1.9 m avg, InnoDB disk IO/sec 4.4 m peak 3.3m avg
  • Row-based semi-sync replication
  • InnoDB plugin for perf and compression
  • mk-query-digest, mk-slave-prefetch, mk-upgrade
  • They don’t use stored procedures, but they might be helpful to solve some of their network latency issues
  • Get about 1500 IOPS from locally attached storage. 8 disks per server.
  • For 5.1 upgrade, planning to dump and reload and switch to InnoDB file per table (and moving to new hosts)
  • Paging via LIMIT is O(N*N)
  • Do pessimistic concurrency control with select for update and retries
  • Internal requirement for performance critical queries to be index only
  • They improved high concurrency throughput by disabling deadlock detection and depending on lock wait timeout. Reduced wait timeout to 15 sec, but dynamic per session. Dynamically reduce as low as 1 when server extremely busy.
  • They make temporary changes to some MySQL settings to survive extreme peak
  • They use gdb (see posts by Domas) to change variables that normally aren’t dynamic
  • LRU patch protects buffer pool from full table scans (e.g., from mysqldump).
  • Need to also monitor on client side, since server doesn’t see network issues, client timeouts, etc.

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